October 13, 2022

Guide: Energy Storage Systems: Based on the IBC®, IFC®, IRC® and NEC®

This guide is a helpful reference to a variety of ESS technologies.

With increased attention on Energy Storage Systems (ESS) as a key enabling technology to facilitate the shift to renewable energy sources, there is an increased need for information that building officials, emergency services, planners, architects, and engineers can apply to safely plan, design, build, and permit ESS in the built environment. Energy Storage Systems: Based on the IBC, IFC, IRC and NEC helps meet this need. This guide is a helpful reference to a variety of ESS technologies. Topics include:

  • Utility-Scale and large commercial-scale ESS Projects
  • Residential and small commercial-scale ESS Projects
  • Fire and explosion risk in battery-based ESS
  • Key standards for ESS equipment and installations
  • Applicable codes
  • Reviewing and inspecting techniques for ESS

Printable checklists for document reviews and inspections are also included. The guide is available for all users free of charge as a downloadable PDF.

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This material was developed by the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC). It is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) under the Award Number DE-EE0009455 (“EMPOWERED”). The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of the U.S. Department of Energy or the United States Government.